Mencius (Library of Chinese Classics: Chinese-English edition) (English and Chinese Edition) by Mencius, Zhou Dingzhi, Yang Bojun, Zhang Wenting, Zhao Zhentao
- Author: Mencius, Zhou Dingzhi, Yang Bojun, Zhang Wenting, Zhao Zhentao
- ISBN10: 7543820854
- ISBN13: 978-7543820852
- Publisher: Hunan Publishing House (September 1, 1999)
- Language: English, Chinese
- Subcategory: History & Criticism
- Size ePub: 1570 kb
- Size PDF: 1900 kb
- Rating: 4.9/5
- Votes: 426
- 1570 downloads at 32 mb/s
There are 7 existing "books" or chapters in Mencius, which mainly record Mencius' political activities and doctrines, and his philosophical, ethical and educational thoughts. Mencius was an ardent advocator of the Confucian doctrine. He developed Confucius' thinking of "benevolence" into the doctrine of "benevolent government", and he advanced the theory that "human nature is good", using it as the theoretical basis for this doetrine. He also advocated being modelled on the sage Kings Yao and Shun, instituting the 'jing-field system", "esteeming the virtuous and able", and practising "true kingship" With regard to the relationship between the ruler and his people, he held that the people are of the first importance while "the ruler is of the least importance".
The English translation of this edition, with reference to various translations, is the latest English translation of the book.